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On Writing 小泉八云论写作  

2009-06-09 09:32:04|  分类: 小泉八云(KOZUMI |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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A man may do quite as great a service to his country by writing a book as by winning a battle.

一个人写一本书如同打一次胜仗,都是对国家的伟大贡献。

The principle of literary work is really not to do much at one time, but to do a little at regular intervals.

文学作品的创作原则真的不是一次性写的太多,而是保持惯常的一点一点的写。

The best work is done the way ants do things-by tiny, tireless and regular additions.

最好的文学创作方式应该向蚂蚁工作那样,通过细小的、孜孜不倦的日常的累积,

The great art of tellling a story depends just as much upon knowing what not to say, as upon knowing waht to say; but the natural tendercy of nearly all story tellers is to say more than is necessary. Kipling is a great object lesseon of the contrary virtue. He never says more than just enough to convey the idea desired, never uses more adjectives than he can help, and never uses a weak one.

讲述故事的伟大艺术在于同样清楚地知道要说什么不要说什么;但是几乎所有的故事讲述者自然倾向性地要讲很多,多于必须要讲的。吉卜林正是这种相反效能的重要实例。在表达想要表达的思想时,他从不用过多的话表达他的思想,从不用过多的形容词,并且从不用表达无力的形容词。

 

 

The great peculiarity in the work of Maupassant which strikes any reader immediately, is his conciseness. It is not so much what he says that surprises us as what he does not say. He never uses one unnecessary word. He does not make descriptions or give explainations. He draws a character merely by making the character talk; and from the talk you know exactly what the character is.

莫泊桑的作品之所以能迅速打动人是因为它的简洁。他言犹未尽的地方比他说的部分更能让我们惊讶。他从不使用一个多余的词。他不描写也不解释。他仅仅通过人物的谈话勾画人的性格。并且你能从人物的讲话中准确地了解到他的性格。

The real work is condensing, compressing, choosing, changing, shifting words and phrases,-studying values of colour and sound and form in words.

真正的作品应该是凝练的、压缩的、有选择的、可变化的和可替换的词汇和用语-语句的色彩、声音和形式的价值研究。

 

Remember that the principles of literay composition of the highest class must be exactly the same for Japan or for France or for England or for any other country. These principles are of two kinds, elimination and addition-in other words, a taking away or getting rid of the unnecessary, and the continual strengthening of the necessary. Besides this, composition means very little indeed.

要记住文学创作的最高级原则对于日本或法国、英国以及其它国家都是相当一致的。这些原则有两种:语句的删减和增加。去掉或删除不必要的,继续加强需要的。除此以外,创作确实没有什么可谈的了。

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