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口译技能  

2010-05-15 22:15:25|  分类: 学海无涯 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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        为使口译效果达到“忠实与及时”的标准,译员应具备一系列口译技能。依据口译的特征及判断口译质量的标准,口译技能包括听觉能力,记忆能力,理解能力,笔记能力,转换能力,数字翻译(推荐:翻译公司)能力,应变能力,译前准备技能。口译具有现场性,及时性和时限性三大特征,整个口译活动就是一个‘解码--换码--编码’的思维转移过程。解码指译员通过听获得甲种语言符号并及时换为甲种语言概念;换码指译员通过分析,思考,把甲种语言概念换为乙种语言概念;编码指译员通过说把乙种语言概念转换成乙种语言符号。这三个转移过程环环相扣,互相贯通,与口译活动同步进行。所以,一个译员要在较短的时间内内完成解码,换码,编码的全过程,不仅要有扎实的双语基本功,很强的听觉能力,理解能力,外语思维能力,母语表达能力,还必须有良好的应变能力,广阔的知识面和丰富的实践经验。

       In order to achieve the results interpretation, "the faithful and timely" standard, translators should have a series of interpretation skills. Interpretation based on the characteristics and criteria for judging the quality of interpretation, interpretation skills, including hearing ability, memory capacity, understanding, notes capacity, conversion capability, digital translation capabilities, resilience, translation of pre-readiness skills. With on-site interpretation, timeliness and time frame of the three major characteristics, the entire interpretation activity is a 'decoder - escape - encoding' thought transfer process. Decoding means to obtain a translator by listening to different languages as a sign and promptly changed the concept of different languages; escape means the translators through the analysis, thinking, the concept of a change of languages B languages and concepts; codes which refer to translators through the concept that the B languages converted into B languages and symbols. Transfer process of these three interlocking, tongue, and interpretation activities simultaneously. Therefore, a translator must be completed within a shorter period of time decoding, change codes, encoding the entire process, not only have a solid bilingual basic skills, a strong hearing, understanding, foreign language thinking ability, language skills, but also must be a good ability to cope with the vast knowledge and rich practical experience.

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